1st Recruit Training Battalion
It was after the outbreak of the Korean War that the camp was once again established for the training of soldiers. The 1st Recruit Training Battalion was raised at Kapooka in November of 1951, with Lieutenant Colonel VE Dowdy assuming the position of the first Commanding Officer. A second battalion, the 2nd Recruit Training Battalion, was also raised that year in temporary buildings due to the requirement to train more soldiers to go to war.
At the end of the Korean War, it was decided that the 2nd Recruit Training Battalion was no longer required and in 1953 it was disestablished so that only the 1st Recruit Training Battalion remained. To this day, the 1st Recruit Training Battalion continues to train both Regular Army and Army Reserve recruits to become Australian soldiers.
Prior to 1985, all women soldiers and officers were trained at the WRAAC School located at George’s Heights, in Sydney. The WRAAC School was disbanded that year and the 1st Recruit Training Battalion became responsible for training female recruits. It wasn’t until 1993 that the Battalion began training Ready Reserve recruits; however, this was abolished in 1997.
A major review into recruit training was conducted in 1997, which resulted in dramatic changes for the 1st Recruit Training Battalion. A 45 day Common Induction Training Course was implemented which saw all Regular and Reserve recruits undertake training together. The aim of this change was to have all recruits graduate with the same military skills, qualities and knowledge. In December 1998, the 1st Recruit Training Battalion changed its name to the Army Recruit Training Centre.
During 2006, a second course was implemented, which saw Regular Army recruits remaining at Kapooka after they had graduated from the Common Induction Training Course, receiving an additional 42 days training on the Advanced Soldier Course. This course was short lived, and in 2007, another review was conducted with the result being the courses which are employed today. These changes had the Regular Army and Reserve recruits being separated once again with the emergence of an 80 day Army Recruit Course, and a 35 day Reserve Recruit Training Course, respectively.
In November 2016, the 1st Recruit Training Battalion lines were officially named the Thompson, OAM lines in honour of the first Regimental Sergeant Major of the Army, Warrant Officer Wally Thompson, OAM.
Both the Army Recruit Training Centre and the 1st Recruit Training Battalion have an established history. The March Out Parade represents a significant milestone for the individual soldier, as it marks the beginning of a journey and a lifestyle full of lasting traditions, proud history and service to our country. It is with this in mind that you can watch the Army’s newest soldiers marching onto the parade ground, as many thousands have done before, to complete their transition from recruit to soldier.